Types Of Snakes Pictures | How to Identify snakes?
If you look at the types of snakes found around the world, you will discover that there is plenty of diversity among them. Snake is a reptile that is covered in scales. There are about 2,700 species of snakes. Most Snakes are carnivorous and their main features are their lack of eyelids, limbs and external ears. Although it would be quite impossible to mention each of those types here, but here are listed some of the important species and varieties of snakes.
1. Acrochordidae (File Snakes)
This snake is also known as File Snakes and wart snakes which are live in the rivers and coastal waters of the south Pacific islands, northern Australia and southern Asia. Three Types of snakes make up this family. File snakes Grow up to 8 feet long and have a stout body and wrinkled skin. This family of snakes is widely hunted for its leather like skin.
Type of Acrochordidae snakes
- Acrochordus arafurae
- Acrochordus granulatus :little file snake
- Acrochordus javanicus : Javan wart snake
Acrochordus javanicus : Javan wart snake
2. Aniliidae (The Pipe Snake)
These Pipe Snakes live in South America and it is the only type that makes up the pipe its own family. It has a stout body that grows less than 3 feet (90 centimeters) long. It is reported to be ovoviviparous and feeds on beetles, caecilians (burrowing amphibians), amphisbaenids (legless lizards), small fossorial snakes, fish, and frogs. It has a very small tail.
3. Atractaspididae (Burrowing Asps)
This is found in the southern half of Africa. It is also Known as stiletto snakes, Burrowing asps. This snake has a thick body, with smooth, purplish-brown to black scales down its back and, usually, a dark-gray belly. A few have dark blotches on a whitish to cream-colored belly. Females can reach 24.4 inches (62 centimeters) in length, and males can grow to about 26 inches (66 centimeters). These snakes are venomous and live underground. They live on either reptiles or burrowing animals. These snakes spend much of their lives underground in savannas, flat plains covered with grass and a few trees. They also live in dry, nearly desert habitats and near the coast in thick, brushy areas.
4. Boidae (Boids)
More than 70 types of snakes can be found in this family and include the boa species and the python. Boids live in subtropical and tropical regions and have external vestiges of hind legs. The Boidae are a family of non-venomous snakes, and it is found in the Americas, Africa, Europe, Asia and some Pacific Islands.
Types of Boidae snake
- Boa constrictor
An Anaconda is a very large, non-venomous snake. It is found in tropical South America. They are found mostly in water, such as the Amazon River. It is often used to refer only to one species in particular, the common or green anaconda, Eunectes murinus, which is one of the largest snakes in the world.
5. Blind (Typhlopidae) snakes
Blind Snakes Looks Much like Earthworms. Some blind snakes may grow to almost 3 feet long. They live in subtropical and tropical regions and burrow underground and eat mainly ants and termites. Their eyes covered by the head scales. A single blackish blind snake can eat 1,500 ants or more at one sitting. People generally see these snakes while turning over rocks or other items in gardens, farm fields, or even in city lots. The snakes also live in similar hiding spots in the woods and along the coastline.
6. Colubridae (Colubrids)
Colubridae snakes are the harmless and non- poisonous. This is live on trees, land, in water or under the ground. Most of the safe snakes like the North American garter snakes and the rat snakes belong to this family. Colubrid species are found on every continent, except Antarctica. More than 1,800 types of snakes are a part of this family, which makes up about two-thirds of the species of snakes in the world.
Types of Colubridae snake
- Queen Snake
- Common Keelback
- King Snake
- Corn Snake
- Bull Snake
- Rat Snake
- Garter Snake
- Smooth Snake
- Mussurana Snake
- Milk Snake
7. Elapidae (Elapids)
Elapidae snakes can be found in abundantly in Australia. The Australian black snake, taipan, tiger snake as well as the death adder all belong to this family and also cobras, mambas and sea snakes belongs to this family. More than 250 types of venomous snakes can be found in this family. Their size can range from 18 centimeters to more than 6 meters. All type of Elapids has short, non-movable front fangs.
Types of Elapidae snake
- King Cobras
- Australian Copperheads
- Coral Snakes.
8. Hydrophidae (Sea Snakes )
Hydrophidae snakes is also family snakes, they found mostly in the mostly in the coastal waters of south Asia and Australia. They are about two meters in length and about 50 species of these snakes are there in the world. The largest reach a length of almost 9 feet but most species are only about a third as long. These Snakes have a short and hollow fang that is located near the front and upper jaw. All have paddle-like tails and many have laterally solid bodies that give them an eel-like appearance. Get more info from Wiki.
Types of Hydrophidae snakes
- Stoke's Sea Snakes
- Olive Sea Snakes
- Spiny Headed Sea Snakes
- Turtlehead Sea Snakes
- Beaked Sea Snakes
- Grey's Mudsnakes
Stoke's Sea Snakes
Olive Sea Snakes
Beaked Sea Snakes
9. Loxocemidae (The Mexican Burrowing Snake)
The Loxocemidae Snakes live on lizard eggs and turtle apart from reptiles and small mammals. This Snake is the only type that makes up this family. This can be found in Central America and Mexico. The Mexican Burrowing snake has a white belly and brown coloring. The adult’s snakes of Loxocemidae grow to a maximum of 1.57 m (62 in) in length on average this snake grows to roughly 91 cm (3ft). The body is stout and very muscular.
10. Pythonidae (Pythons)
Pythons are a type of large snakes from Asia, Africa and Australia. This can be found in rain forests to dry scrub. Adults Pythons range in from 0.5 to 10 meters (1.5 to 33 feet) in length. This is considered to be the world's longest snake. They live on the ground, while there are a few those also live in water or trees. Warm blooded animals constitute the diet of the python.
11. Viperidae (Vipers)
The Viperidae are also known as the vipers, which are found all over the world except in Madagascar and Australia. Their fangs are comparatively quite long and hinged. In the Viperidae family, there are about four sub-species, namely, the Azemiopinae, Vipermae, Crotalinae and the Causinae. About 100 species make up the family of pit vipers. Pit vipers and True vipers are the two groups that vipers are divided into. Pit vipers include North American rattlesnakes, copperheads and water moccasins. True Vipers are made up of about 50 species that live in Asia, Europe and Africa.
- Water moccasin
12. Xenopeltidae (Sunbeam Snakes)
The Sunbeam snakes are blessed with highly polished scales that shine in the sunlight. This family consists of an only type that lives in southeastern Asia. Sunbeam snakes generally spend the day under stones or logs or in burrows. The sunbeam snake is found in three colors like reddish brown, brown, or blackish. The belly is an unpatterned whitish-gray. The scales are highly shining, creating a beautiful display of colors in the light.
How to Identifying snakes?
Hi friends, Here I give many tips, which will help you to identify snakes. You can identify the snakes with many ways like a Length, Body Shape, Head & Neck Shape, Color & Pattern, Scale Texture, Eye Pupil Shape, Anal Plate Division.
First you can identify snakes by length, “How long is the snake?” Imagine how long the snake is when it is stretched out.
- First small land snakes like the redbelly, brown, ring-necked, earthworm, and Southeastern crowned snake rarely get over 12 to 16" long.
- Medium sized snakes naturally range from 18" to 3' in length. These might include garter snakes, ribbon snakes, green snakes, queen snake, milk snakes and kingsnakes.
- The large snakes can frequently obtain sizes in excess of 3' and would include rattlesnakes, rat snakes, watersnakes, coachwhips, black racers, and cottonmouths.
2, Body Shape
The next way to identify the snakes is Body shape. "Is the body slender, or is it thick and heavy?" Example of a slender snake would be the ribbon snake whereas an example of a stout snake might be a cottonmouth.
3, Head & Neck Shape
The third way is Head & Neck Shape. In this way, first you see the snakes and decide that it has medium sized head or large sized head.
- Medium sized head : Most of Small snake has a medium sized head whereas species like the garter snake.
- Large sized head : Water snakes, cottonmouth, Eastern hog-nose, and rattlesnakes all have large heads.
- An arrowhead Shaped head : Folklore has it that if the snakes' head is shaped like an arrowhead it is venomous. Examples of pit vipers have an arrowhead shape head. Many nonvenomous species may flatten their heads into the arrowhead shape when they feel threatened.
4, Color & Pattern
The most useful way to identify snakes, their colors and patterns. Some snakes, such as rough green snake is easily identifiable because they are the only bright green snakes that occur in Kentucky. Look at the color of the tube carefully. Is it really black or dark brown? Is it a dark gray or brown? Patterns are also very useful. Land's hose and black Cats are good examples of snakes that are generally one color with no lines, blotches or bands. Some snakes have a leader who has a different color from the body. The southeastern crowned and ring-necked snakes are good examples of this type of pattern. The garter, ribbon and queen snakes are examples of species that are linear stripes running the length of the body. The final pattern to look for is a snake that has spots, blotches or bands. Species that show this type of pattern includes Rattle snakes, copper heads, corn snake, rat snake, milk snakes, water snakes, king snakes, pine snake, cotton mouth and the brown snake.
5, Scale Texture
This way is very easy to identify the snakes. If you are still having difficulty to identify the snake you may want to look at the scale texture, tail scales, and the anal plate division. Some snakes have a very rough Scales. Some has a no rough scales it has a quite shiny in appearance. Some type with mild keeled scales includes the rat snake, corn snake, copperhead, and cottonmouth. Most of our snakes have smooth scales.
6, Eye Pupil Shape
This way is also easy to identify the difference between a venomous or poisonous versus a non-poisonous snake. Non-poisonous snakes all have a round pupil but all poisonous snakes have a vertical elliptical shaped pupil. All pit-vipers (poisonous) also have a small hole (pit) between the nostril and the eye.
7, Anal Plate Division
A good identification characteristic is to determine whether snakes' anal plate has a scale, or it is divided into two scales. You can not use the anal plate to tell the difference between poisonous and non- poisonous snakes. You can use the tail scales to determine if a snake is poisonous. The pit viper is a poisonous snakes and it have a single row of scales under the tail beginning at the vent. Near the end of the tail, the single row will change into a double row. Get more information from Wiki.